Materials. Michigan state laws and Federal laws prohibit certain materials
from being delivered to/disposed of in municipal solid waste (MSW) landfills.
In Michigan Act
34, which is an amendment to Michigan's Natural
Resources and Environmental Protection Act, 1994 PA 451 Part 115 covers
prohibited materials. This law prohibits a person from delivering
to a landfill for disposal, and a landfill owner or operator, from
permitting the disposal in a landfill, of any of the following:
- Medical waste, unless that
medical waste has been decontaminated or is not required to be decontaminated
but is packaged in the manner required under the Medical
Waste Regulatory Act (MWRA) of the Public Health Code. It is
important to note that medical-related wastes from households, farms,
homes for the aged, or home healthcare agencies are excluded from
the definition of medical waste under MWRA. (More
information on Michigan's medical waste program.)
- More than a de minimis amount of open, empty,
or otherwise used beverage containers as defined
in the Initiated Law of 1976, as amended (Deposit
- More than a de minimis number of whole
motor vehicle tires.
- Used oil as defined in Section
16701 of Part 167, Used Oil Recycling, of NREPA.
- A lead acid battery as defined
in Section 17101 of Part 171, Battery Disposal, of NREPA.
- Low-level radioactive waste as
defined in Section 2 of the Low-Level Radioactive Waste Authority
Act, 1987 PA 204, as amended, MCL 333.26202. (More
information on low-level radioactive wastes.)
- Hazardous waste that is required
to be disposed of in a hazardous waste treatment, storage, or disposal
facility under Part 111, Hazardous Waste Material, of NREPA.
(Note that household hazardous waste is excluded.)
- More than a de minimis amount of yard
clippings, unless they are diseased or infested.
- Liquid waste as prohibited
by section 324.11514 of NREPA.
- Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs) as
defined in federal regulations (see EPA's Polychlorinated Biphenyls web page).
- Asbestos waste unless the
landfill complies with federal regulations (see EPA's Asbestos web page).
DEQ to post
on its website a list of materials prohibited from disposal in
a landfill and appropriate disposal options for those materials.
Federal law also
prohibits the disposal of hazardous waste in MSW landfills. However,
as with the state law, domestically generated household waste is excluded from the federal and state definitions
of hazardous waste if:
- the waste is generated by individuals on the premises of a temporary
or permanent residence for individuals; and
- the wastestream
is composed primarily of materials found in the wastes generated
by consumers in their homes.
Because imported waste is subject to the applicable domestic laws
and regulations of the U.S. once it enters U.S. jurisdiction, imported
household waste is excluded from the definition of hazardous waste
in the same way as domestically generated household waste.
Medical waste is
primarily regulated by state law in the United States, although the
U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) regulates the
transportation of medical waste. However, as with the Michigan state
regulations, household medical waste is exempt from the DOT standards
and Border Protection (CBP) are on the lookout for prohibited materials
solid waste vehicles. In addition to close inspections
at the border crossing, a representative number of the municipal solid
waste trucks are inspected at the landfills. CBP officers escort the
trucks to the landfill and inspect the contents when it's unloaded. The
most common problem materials are hazardous, radioactive and medical
wastes. In 2003, Customs and Border Protection (CBP) reported
81 penalties issued in Port Huron and 11 penalties issued in Detroit
against municipal solid waste carriers for transporting medical waste
material that was not properly manifested. Incidents involving hazardous
and radioactive wastes have also been reported. Municipal solid waste
trucks carrying these materials are refused entry into the United States
and are returned to Canada. If you plan on hauling restricted materials
such as hazardous or medical wastes, you must obtain special permits
and follow environmental agency and department of transportation rules
that are much more demanding than those applicable to municipal solid
waste. More information.
must be contained, immobilized or secured to prevent shifting upon
the vehicle to the extent that the vehicle's stability or maneuverability
is not adversely affected. Each commercial motor vehicle (CMV) transporting
cargo must be loaded and equipped to prevent the cargo from leaking,
or falling from the motor vehicle. Spills of hazardous waste must
be reported. More
Vehicle and Load
Size. It is vital that carriers and drivers understand the size
requirements (height, width, length and weight) for commercial motor
vehicles operating on Michigan highways. State roadways have use
restrictions placed on them by the Michigan Department of Transportation
(MDOT) for use by commercial motor vehicles. Restrictions are based
on vehicle size and the time of year. More information.